Who is John the Baptist?
Historical note taken
from the UVB footnote on Matthew 26:3:
this time Rome appointed Israel's high priest. Annas had been the high priest
until A.D. 15 when the Romans deposed him and set up his son Eleazar in his
place. Eleazar served for about 2 years (A.D. 16-17) until the Romans replaced
him with Joseph Caiaphas in A.D. 18. Caiaphas held the office until his death
in A.D. 36. His unusually long tenure reflects his political skill and his
acceptability to the Roman prefects. The Old Testament regarded the high priest
as high priest until his death. Consequently the Jews still viewed Annas as the
high priest. This probably explains why Matthew and John spoke of Caiaphas as
the high priest (Joh.11:49), but Luke said Annas was the high priest (Luk.3:2;
Act.4:6). Annas was Caiaphas' father-in-law and continued to exercise much
power even after the Romans forced him out of office. The Jewish leaders
plotted to execute an innocent man in the very place where justice should have
been strongest. The spiritual leader of Israel, the high priest, took a leading
role in this travesty.”
the Baptist was to be Israel’s last Aaronic High Priest
1. 1. John was a descendent of Aaron from both
his mother and father’s family.
2. 2. John did not use wine.
from wine is a command given to the High Priest
3. 3. One of John’s missions was “to prepare
the way of the LORD (YAHWEH).”
does “prepare” mean?
4. 4. Malachi’s prophecy has 3 references in
it to a messenger.
state of the priesthood
reference to John and
messenger (Jesus) of the covenant”
of the covenant”
5. 5. Zacharias was a High Priest
6. 6. Aaron’s wife and Zacharias’ wife
7. 7. High Priest places people into the
8. 8. Aaronic priesthood must decrease for the
Melchizadekian priesthood to increase.
9. 9. High priest performs the sacrifice of
High Priest identifies the sacrifice.
10. 11. Appointed by GOD (ELOHIM)